The Signs of a Hypocrite in Islam:

The Signs of a Hypocrite in Islam:

Abdullah ibn ‘Amr (RA) says that Rasulullah (SAW) said: “Four traits whoever possesses them is a hypocrite and whoever possesses some of them has an element of hypocrisy until he leaves it: the one who when he speaks he lies, when he promises he breaks his promise, when he disputes he transgresses and when he makes an agreement he violates it.” (Muslim and Bukhari)

1)  Other wordings of this same hadith: “The signs of the hypocrite are three: when he speaks he lies, when he promises he breaks his promise and when he is entrusted he betrays the trust.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

“…even if he prays and fasts and imagines that he is a Muslim.” (Muslim)
2) Nifaq (hypocrisy): in the Arabic language means the general category of deception, scheming and presenting an outward appearance of good while concealing its opposite.
3) In the Shari ‘a, nifaq is of two types:
a) Greater (An-Nifaq Al-Akbar):
To present an outward appearance of belief in Allah, his Angels, his books, his messengers, the last day, etc. while concealing within that which negates all or some of that. This is the hypocrisy which Rasulullah (SAW) confronted during his life and the ones who Allah said in the Qur’an that they are in “the lowest depth of hell-fire”.
b) Lesser (An-Nifaq Al-Asghar) or hypocrisy of action: To present an outward appearance of good and good deeds while concealing within that which negates that. This form of hypocrisy is built on the 5 things mentioned in the hadith at hand.
4)  The actions in this hadith are all part of lesser hypocrisy: One who has these character traits in interaction with other people is most likely to have them with regard to Allah and his Prophet’s (AS’s). That is why the existence of them is a ‘sign’ of the existence of greater nifaq.
5) Lying. Al-Hassan Al-Basri said: “Nifaq is the difference between the inner and the appearance, between statement and action and between entering and leaving and it used to be said that the foundation of nifaq upon which it is built is lying.”
6) Breaking Promises. This falls into two categories: a) Making a promise with no intention of keeping it. Al-Awaa’il said that one who says “I will do such-and-such Inshallah” without intending to do it has committed both lying and breaking a promise.
b) Making a promise intending to keep it and then later deciding to break it.
7)  Transgression in Dispute: The main meaning of ‘transgression’ here is to intentionally speak other than truth making truth falsehood and vice versa. Lying “calls to” this as in the hadith: “Beware of lying for lying guides to transgression and transgression leads to the fire.”  (Bukhari, Muslim). Rasulullah (SAW) said: “The most hated of men to Allah is the one given to fierce and violent disputation.” (Bukhari, Muslim) Rasulullah (SAW)) said about the one who takes what is not his through clever speech has only been given a piece of the fire.
8) Breaking Agreements. Allah said:

 وَلَا تَقْرَبُوا مَالَ الْيَتِيمِ إِلَّا بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ حَتَّىٰ يَبْلُغَ أَشُدَّهُ ۚ وَأَوْفُوا بِالْعَهْدِ ۖ إِنَّ الْعَهْدَ كَانَ مَسْئُولًا

“And fulfill your agreements for verily agreements will be asked about.”(Surah Al-Isrâ 17: 34)  

Allah says: وَأَوْفُوا بِعَهْدِ اللَّهِ إِذَا عَاهَدْتُمْ وَلَا تَنْقُضُوا الْأَيْمَانَ بَعْدَ تَوْكِيدِهَا وَقَدْ جَعَلْتُمُ اللَّهَ عَلَيْكُمْ كَفِيلًا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَفْعَلُونَ

“And fulfill Allah’s agreement when you have made an agreement and don’t violate your oaths after they have been established and you have made Allah your guardian (therein).” (Surah An-Nahl 16: 91)

The most serious oath to dishonor is the oath of allegiance to the khalifah of the Muslims.
9) Betraying of Trusts: When a Muslim is entrusted with something, he must do his best to protect it. Allah said:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَخُونُوا اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ وَتَخُونُوا أَمَانَاتِكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

“O ye that believe! Betray not the trust of Allah and the Messenger, nor misappropriate knowingly things entrusted to you.” (Surah Al-Anfaal 8: 27)
10) These issues have all been connected to hypocrisy in the Qur’an:
a) Surah Al-Munaafiqoon 63: 1-2 (Lying, breaking oaths)
إِذَا جَاءَكَ الْمُنَافِقُونَ قَالُوا نَشْهَدُ إِنَّكَ لَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ إِنَّكَ لَرَسُولُهُ وَاللَّهُ يَشْهَدُ إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ لَكَاذِبُونَ

َ اتَّخَذُوا أَيْمَانَهُمْ جُنَّةً فَصَدُّوا عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّهُمْ سَاءَ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

“When the Hypocrites come to thee, they say, “We bear witness that thou art indeed the Messenger of Allah.” Yea, Allah knoweth that thou art indeed His Messenger, and Allah beareth witness that the Hypocrites are indeed liars. They have made their oaths a screen (for their misdeeds): thus they obstruct (men) from the Path of Allah. Truly evil are their deeds.”
b) Surah At-Taubah9: 73-77 (False oaths, breaking promises (to Allah), lying) 

  يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ جَاهِدِ الْكُفَّارَ وَالْمُنَافِقِينَ وَاغْلُظْ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ وَمَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ ۖ وَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ

يَحْلِفُونَ بِاللَّهِ مَا قَالُوا وَلَقَدْ قَالُوا كَلِمَةَ الْكُفْرِ وَكَفَرُوا بَعْدَ إِسْلَامِهِمْ وَهَمُّوا بِمَا لَمْ يَنَالُوا ۚ وَمَا نَقَمُوا إِلَّا أَنْ أَغْنَاهُمُ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ ۚ فَإِنْ

يَتُوبُوا يَكُ خَيْرًا لَهُمْ ۖ وَإِنْ يَتَوَلَّوْا يُعَذِّبْهُمُ اللَّهُ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ ۚ وَمَا لَهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ مِنْ وَلِيٍّ وَلَا نَصِيرٍ

۞ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ عَاهَدَ اللَّهَ لَئِنْ آتَانَا مِنْ فَضْلِهِ لَنَصَّدَّقَنَّ وَلَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ فَلَمَّا آتَاهُمْ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ بَخِلُوا بِهِ وَتَوَلَّوْا وَهُمْ مُعْرِضُونَ

  فَأَعْقَبَهُمْ نِفَاقًا فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ يَلْقَوْنَهُ بِمَا أَخْلَفُوا اللَّهَ مَا وَعَدُوهُ وَبِمَا كَانُوا يَكْذِبُونَ

 “O Prophet! Strive hard against the unbelievers and the Hypocrites, and be firm against them. Their abode is Hell,- an evil refuge indeed. They swear by Allah that they said nothing (evil), but indeed they uttered blasphemy, and they did it after accepting Islam; and they meditated a plot which they were unable to carry out: this revenge of theirs was (their) only return for the bounty with which Allah and His Messenger had enriched them! If they repent, it will be best for them; but if they turn back (to their evil ways), Allah will punish them with a grievous penalty in this life and in the Hereafter: They shall have none on earth to protect or help them. Amongst them are men who made a covenant with Allah, that if He bestowed on them of His bounty, they would give (largely) in charity, and be truly amongst those who are righteous But when He did bestow of His bounty, they became covetous, and turned back (from their covenant), averse (from its fulfillment). So He hath put as a consequence hypocrisy into their hearts, (to last) till the Day, whereon they shall meet Him: because they broke their covenant with Allah, and because they lied (again and again).”

c) Surah Al-Ahzaab 33: 72-73 (Betraying trusts)
إِنَّا عَرَضْنَا الْأَمَانَةَ عَلَى السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَالْجِبَالِ فَأَبَيْنَ أَنْ يَحْمِلْنَهَا وَأَشْفَقْنَ مِنْهَا وَحَمَلَهَا الْإِنْسَانُ ۖ إِنَّهُ كَانَ ظَلُومًا جَهُولًا

لِيُعَذِّبَ اللَّهُ الْمُنَافِقِينَ وَالْمُنَافِقَاتِ وَالْمُشْرِكِينَ وَالْمُشْرِكَاتِ وَيَتُوبَ اللَّهُ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا

“We did indeed offer the Trust to the Heavens and the Earth and the Mountains; but they refused to undertake it, being afraid thereof: but man undertook it, He was indeed unjust and foolish, (With the result) that Allah has to punish the Hypocrites, men and women, and the Unbelievers, men and women, and Allah turns in Mercy to the Believers, men and women: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”
11) Umar (RA) mentioned Rasulullah (SAW) saying: “The thing from which I fear for you the most is the knowledgeable hypocrite.” Umar (RA) was then asked: “How can a hypocrite be knowledgeable?” Umar (RA) answered: “He speaks with wisdom but acts with injustice.”

12)  Ibn Umar was told: “We enter the presence of the ruler we speak to him other than what we say after we leave.” Ibn Umar said: “We used to consider that hypocrisy.” (Bukhari)
13) Ibn Abi Malaika said: “I encountered thirty Companions of Rasulullah (SAW)) every one of them fears hypocrisy for himself and Al-Hassan Al-Basri used to say about it: “No one fears it but a believer and no one feels safe from it but a hypocrite.” (Bukhari)
14) Another aspect of hypocrisy:  to do apparently good deeds with wicked intentions. Allah said:

وَالَّذِينَ اتَّخَذُوا مَسْجِدًا ضِرَارًا وَكُفْرًا وَتَفْرِيقًا بَيْنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَإِرْصَادًا لِمَنْ حَارَبَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ مِنْ قَبْلُ ۚ وَلَيَحْلِفُنَّ إِنْ أَرَدْنَا إِلَّا الْحُسْنَىٰ ۖ وَاللَّهُ يَشْهَدُ إِنَّهُمْ لَكَاذِبُونَ

“They set up a Masjid for the purpose of harm, Kufr, creating division among the Muslims and as an outpost for those making war against Allah and His Prophet before this and they will swear “We only intended good.” And Allah bears witness that they are liars.” (Surah Taubah9: 107)
15) Allah says:

لَا تَحْسَبَنَّ الَّذِينَ يَفْرَحُونَ بِمَا أَتَوْا وَيُحِبُّونَ أَنْ يُحْمَدُوا بِمَا لَمْ يَفْعَلُوا فَلَا تَحْسَبَنَّهُمْ بِمَفَازَةٍ مِنَ الْعَذَابِ ۖ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

“Do not imagine that those who are joyful with what they have done and love to be praised for that which they did not do – do not imagine them to be safe from punishment – and theirs is a painful punishment.”  (Surah al-Imraan 3:188)

“Inshallah we KEEP the PROMISES and OATHS that we take, May we be saved from hypocristy. aameen Thuma Aameen”


34 comments on “The Signs of a Hypocrite in Islam:

  1. Aya says:

    Please Allow me to Copy it yah.. thank you very very much for spreading your knowledge

  2. Hammad Hamid Syed says:


  3. Shakuru Baba says:


  4. Sulaiman Akanbi Alarape says:

    Asalam Alaykum. Am Very Grateful By Discover This Ful Lenth Informamtion About Hypocracy, Infact, I Could Say Nothing Les Than 50% Of Muslim In Society Fall Into Hypocrasy Ignorantly, Since They Believe In Allah& Rosullah, Fasting & Give Alms To The Poor, Then Hajj, Some Muslims Neglet Or Observe Not Their Behavior Or Character That May Lead To Hypocracy, I Have Found Guilty In My Character Through These Elaborating Information, & I Promise To Make Amendment To It Insha Allah, May Allah Continues To Guide Us To The Right Path.
    “Jazakumullahu Khaeran”

  5. ridwana says:

    The one sign i knew about hypocrites was that they found it hard to pray fajr and isha, and for a while now i was having a hard time doing so. So i thought to myself that i must be a hypocrite (the only definition of a hypocrite that i knew was a person that pretends to be muslim but deep inside they are not…or a person that tells others to do what they themselves don’t do). And i was devestated since i knew that i was a muslim inside and out, and i am not much of a preacher so i didn’t tell people to do things much, Alhamdulillah we have the internet and when i read this post i was so shocked, i didn’t know how broad hypocrisy could be. I am more devastated now than before but atleast now i know where i am going wrong and where i need to correct myself in. Jazakummullah for this post…really beneficial and eye-opening.

  6. Abdulrashid sani says:

    May Allah protect us from been involved in those sign of hypocrise ameen

  7. AYHaruna says:

    thank you very much for this presentation ,may Almighty Allah rewards you abondontly here and hereafter.

    • muslimah says:

      Thank you for your kind words.. inshallah i will try to post often.. just been so busy with my grandmother, please do remember her and the Ummah in your duas.

  8. Hajjah Umm Amir says:

    Reblogged this on Hajjah Umm Amir.

  9. Sorie io Bangura says:

    Alhamdulillah, yaAllah guide us from being a munafiq. May there be an increment 2 your knowledge.ameen

  10. Aliya says:

    Thank you MashaAllah May Allah be with you :) i really wanted to know the signs of a hypocrite and now i shall try to abstain from being one

  11. masood says:

    As salam aly kum jazakallah for spreading gud , plz give me some article to send to a muslim sister who is addicted to yahoo chat room who chat continouse with men in chat room i have advice her hope your article may ignite fear of Allah in her and she might become know rigth and wrong as per islam …

    • muslimah says:

      As sala’amu alaikum
      Inshallah I will blog some post regarding this soon.
      Walaikum as salaam
      “O Allah, make my love for You the most beloved thing to me, and Your displeasure with me the most fearful thing to me, and instill in me a passion for meeting You; when you have given the people of the world the pleasures of their world, make the coolness of my eyes (pleasure) in worshipping You. Aameen Thuma Aameen

  12. Munafiqa says:

    Unfortunately I think that I am a hypocrite.

    • muslimah says:

      Inshallah May we all improve on our characters, Aameen

    • Z.B says:

      Al-Hasan al-Basri said of hypocrisy:
      “No one fears it but a believer, and no one feels safe from it but a hypocrite.”

      It’s better to know your sin, then to feel safe from it.. InshaAllah, I hope everyone who searched to find out about hypocrisy, indeed is from the believers..

  13. eiman says:

    asallamu alaykum
    thank you for the information. but i have a question as i am confused.
    if i do bad deeds and am trying to deal with that through repentance and finding out as much as i can about islam. then when i find out new information i share that with my friends, some things i find i may not follow or i am trying to start. does that make me a hipocrite? if i am showing them the things i have found?

    • muslimah says:

      As sala’amu alaikum

      Thank you for your very interesting question, to which I am going to answer as best as I can, Inshallah. {I would though advise you to ask a Mufti questions, I have a few links on my blog}
      You are not a hypocrite, Be sincere, always remember Allah. Remember that this life is a test..keep reciting the Qur’an and try to keep friends and people around who REMIND you of Deen, who encourages you to do good, to practice what you learn and will be fine !
      Walaikum as salaam
      “O Allah, make my love for You the most beloved thing to me, and Your displeasure with me the most fearful thing to me, and instill in me a passion for meeting You; when you have given the people of the world the pleasures of their world, make the coolness of my eyes (pleasure) in worshipping You. Aameen Thuma Aameen

  14. Mekaeel says:

    Allahu Akbar, I am giving a talk at the prison tomorrow, about this very subject. May we all be protected from this insha-Allah

    • muslimah says:

      As sala’amu alaikum

      Aameen. May Allah reward you and bless you in the work you do, Aameen

      Walaikum as salaam
      “O Allah, make my love for You the most beloved thing to me, and Your displeasure with me the most fearful thing to me, and instill in me a passion for meeting You; when you have given the people of the world the pleasures of their world, make the coolness of my eyes (pleasure) in worshipping You. Aameen Thuma Aameen

  15. Ahmed says:

    Assalam Alykom,

    thanks for providing us with the article Ukhtee .
    i wanna know that if praying Salat in a hypocrite’s home,is it permissible or not ?

    Jazakillah .

    • muslimah says:

      As sala’amu alaikum

      Its a pleasure.
      As for your question please ask a Mufti.

      Walaikum as salaam
      “O Allah, make my love for You the most beloved thing to me, and Your displeasure with me the most fearful thing to me, and instill in me a passion for meeting You; when you have given the people of the world the pleasures of their world, make the coolness of my eyes (pleasure) in worshipping You. Aameen Thuma Aameen

  16. auocha says:

    Alhamdulilaahi for your words
    th sign of the hyporiet are clearly they have tw faces Subhan Allah

  17. new muslim says:

    interesting article. thanks

  18. Syed says:

    Thank you very much, may ALLAH the most greatest and most merciful be with you, AMEEN.

  19. limon says:


    Thank u for ur good effort. It is very important to learn QURAN AND HADITH. I think it is the first duty to learn QURAN for a muslim to lead a perfect life. It will make us free for ZAHANNAM, and to achive ZANNAT. Pray for me to ALLAH.

  20. Justin says:

    Assalamu alaikum,

    This is the one thing that scares me the most as I had a habit of doing this much in my life. I pray that I keep on top of it and never commit hypocrisy again. It’s a trait that keeps you away from the truth and blinds you permanently, imo! May Allah keep guiding us on the straight path and never go astray, Ameen!

  21. Makelele says:

    Very informative! Thanks!

  22. .. says:

    Thank you! :)

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