The Virtues and Wisdom Of Ramadaan.
Rasulullah (SAW) said: “Whoever fasts Ramadaan with faith and seeking reward, he will have his previous sins forgiven.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
Fasting is one of the aspects of worship that is done entirely for Allah, in which a Muslim responds to the rulings Allah by abstaining from food, drink and intimate relation with ones spouse during the day, believing that this abstaining is obedience to Allah. So he renews his covenant with Allah through this fast, confirming that the only reason for his existence in this life is to actualize complete servitude to the One who created him and all that exists Allah:
وَمَا خَلَقۡتُ ٱلۡجِنَّ وَٱلۡإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعۡبُدُونِ
“I have not created the Jinn and Mankind except that they should worship Me.” (Surah Adh-Dhariyat 51:56)
يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ كُتِبَ عَلَيۡڪُمُ ٱلصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبۡلِڪُمۡ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تَتَّقُونَ
“O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, in order that you may attain Taqwaah.” (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:183)
- Fasting is a means of attaining Taqwa, and Taqwa means doing that which Allah has enjoined and avoiding that which He has forbidden. Fasting is one of the greatest means of helping a person to fulfil the commands of Islam.
- Fasting is a means that makes us appreciate and give thanks for pleasures. For fasting means giving up eating, drinking and intimate relation with one’s spouse, which are among the greatest pleasures. By giving them up for a short time, we begin to appreciate their value. Because the blessings of Allah are not recognized, but when you abstain from them, you begin to recognize them, so this motivates you to be grateful for them.
- Fasting is a means of giving up Haraam things, because if a person can give up Halaal things in order to please Allah and for fear of His painful torment, then he will be more likely to refrain from Haraam things. So fasting is a means of avoiding the things that Allah has forbidden.
- Fasting enables us to control our desires, because when a person is full, his desires grow, but if he is hungry then his desire becomes weak.
- Fasting makes us feel compassion and empathy towards the poor, because when the fasting person tastes the pain of hunger for a while, he remembers those who are in this situation all the time, so he will hasten to do acts of kindness to them and show compassion towards them. So fasting is a means of feeling empathy with the poor.
Rasulullah (SAW) said: “By the One in whose Hand the soul of Muhammad is, the breath that comes out of the mouth of the one fasting is better to Allah than the scent of musk. There are two times of joy for the person who fasts: When he breaks his fast, he is happy because he broke his fast, and when he meets his Lord, he is happy because of his fast.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)