Reliance on Allah

Reliance on Allah

By Sheikh ‘Abdul-Muhsin Al-Qasim

All praise is due to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. Peace and blessings of Allah be upon the Messenger, his household and companions.

Fellow Muslims! Fear Allah as He should be feared, for whoever fears Allah prevails and whoever turns away from Him lives a strained life. Brethren in faith! The happiest of all men is the one who worships Allah most. The humbler the man becomes and the greater he shows his need for his Creator the closer he comes to Him and the more honourable he becomes in His Eyes and the eyes of all men. Man cannot depend on himself for benefits and protection. He always needs to seek the help of his Creator. Seeking the help of Allah is an obligation of every Muslim and it is a protection against Shaytaan. It is one of the highest degrees of servitude to Allah and the surest way to attain His love. Allah is Self-Sufficient to whom all creatures turn for their needs. Humans commit many sins and the only way to salvation for them is to seek for Allah’s help and forgiveness. They commit many great sins with their heart like showing-off, envy and lack of trust in Allaah. Man may unknowingly commit these sins. He might even be avoiding smaller apparent sins and be oblivious of the great ones. Mere making using of the means might disappoint man in attaining his goals. He might even knock on some doors from which he thinks he can derive benefits that can turn out to be gateways to things harmful to him. Nothing can save him from all this except his sure reliance on Allah, the Mighty, the Beneficent. It is on account of the above that Allah emphasis’s reliance on Him, makes it one of the degrees of Islam and mentions it along with worshipping Him. Allah says:

وَلِلَّهِ غَيْبُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَإِلَيْهِ يُرْجَعُ الْأَمْرُ كُلُّهُ فَاعْبُدْهُ وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَيْهِ ۚ وَمَا رَبُّكَ بِغَافِلٍ عَمَّا تَعْمَلُونَ

“So worship Him and put your trust in Him.” (Surah Hood 11:123)
He makes it the cause of attaining His love and Allah says,
فَبِمَا رَحْمَةٍ مِنَ اللَّهِ لِنْتَ لَهُمْ ۖ وَلَوْ كُنْتَ فَظًّا غَلِيظَ الْقَلْبِ لَانْفَضُّوا مِنْ حَوْلِكَ ۖ فَاعْفُ عَنْهُمْ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ وَشَاوِرْهُمْ فِي الْأَمْرِ ۖ فَإِذَا عَزَمْتَ فَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُتَوَكِّلِينَ
“It is part of the Mercy of Allah that thou dost deal gently with them Wert thou severe or harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about thee: so pass over (Their faults), and ask for ((Allah)’s) forgiveness for them; and consult them in affairs (of moment). Then, when thou hast taken a decision put thy trust in Allah. For Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him)
.” (Surah al ‘Imraan 3:159)
He makes it the condition for attaining real belief and Allah says:
قَالَ رَجُلَانِ مِنَ الَّذِينَ يَخَافُونَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمَا ادْخُلُوا عَلَيْهِمُ الْبَابَ فَإِذَا دَخَلْتُمُوهُ فَإِنَّكُمْ غَالِبُونَ ۚ وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَتَوَكَّلُوا إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ
“And put your trust in Allah if you are believers indeed.” (Surah Al-Ma’idah 5:23)
Allah makes that a quality of the believers by which they are distinguished from others and Allah says:
إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِرَ اللَّهُ وَجِلَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَإِذَا تُلِيَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُهُ زَادَتْهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَعَلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ
“The believers are only those who, when Allaah is mentioned, feel a fear in their hearts and when His Verses (this Qur’an) are recited unto them, they (i.e. the Verses) increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord (Alone).” (Surah Al-Anfaal 8:2)
The Prophets (AS) are the leaders of those who put their trust in Allah. Allah says about Prophet Noah (AS) that he told his people:
وَاتْلُ عَلَيْهِمْ نَبَأَ نُوحٍ إِذْ قَالَ لِقَوْمِهِ يَا قَوْمِ إِنْ كَانَ كَبُرَ عَلَيْكُمْ مَقَامِي وَتَذْكِيرِي بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ فَعَلَى اللَّهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ فَأَجْمِعُوا أَمْرَكُمْ وَشُرَكَاءَكُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَكُنْ أَمْرُكُمْ عَلَيْكُمْ غُمَّةً ثُمَّ اقْضُوا إِلَيَّ وَلَا تُنْظِرُونِ
“O my people, if my stay (with you), and my reminding (you) of the signs of Allah is hard on you, then I put my trust in Allah.” (Surah Yunus 10:71)
Allah told us that Prophet Ibrahim (AS) said”
قَدْ كَانَتْ لَكُمْ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ فِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ إِذْ قَالُوا لِقَوْمِهِمْ إِنَّا بُرَآءُ مِنْكُمْ وَمِمَّا تَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ كَفَرْنَا بِكُمْ وَبَدَا بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكُمُ الْعَدَاوَةُ وَالْبَغْضَاءُ أَبَدًا حَتَّىٰ تُؤْمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَحْدَهُ إِلَّا قَوْلَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لِأَبِيهِ لَأَسْتَغْفِرَنَّ لَكَ وَمَا أَمْلِكُ لَكَ مِنَ اللَّهِ مِنْ شَيْءٍ ۖ رَبَّنَا عَلَيْكَ تَوَكَّلْنَا وَإِلَيْكَ أَنَبْنَا وَإِلَيْكَ الْمَصِيرُ
“There is for you an excellent example (to follow) in Abraham and those with him, when they said to their people: “We are clear of you and of whatever ye worship besides Allah. we have rejected you, and there has arisen, between us and you, enmity and hatred for ever,- unless ye believe in Allah and Him alone”: But not when Abraham said to his father: “I will pray for forgiveness for thee, though I have no power (to get) aught on thy behalf from Allah.” (They prayed): “Our Lord! in Thee do we trust, and to Thee do we turn in repentance: to Thee is (our) Final Goal.
.”  (Surah Al-Mumtahanah 60:4)

And about Prophet Shoayb (AS) Allah says,
قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ أَرَأَيْتُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُ عَلَىٰ بَيِّنَةٍ مِنْ رَبِّي وَرَزَقَنِي مِنْهُ رِزْقًا حَسَنًا ۚ وَمَا أُرِيدُ أَنْ أُخَالِفَكُمْ إِلَىٰ مَا أَنْهَاكُمْ عَنْهُ ۚ إِنْ أُرِيدُ إِلَّا الْإِصْلَاحَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُ ۚ وَمَا تَوْفِيقِي إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ ۚ عَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ وَإِلَيْهِ أُنِيبُ
“And my guidance cannot come except from Allah, in Him I trust and unto Him I repent.” (Surah Hood 11:88)
Allah tells us that the Prophets told their peoples:
وَمَا لَنَا أَلَّا نَتَوَكَّلَ عَلَى اللَّهِ وَقَدْ هَدَانَا سُبُلَنَا ۚ وَلَنَصْبِرَنَّ عَلَىٰ مَا آذَيْتُمُونَا ۚ وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُتَوَكِّلُونَ
“And why should we not put our trust in Allah while He indeed has guided us our ways.” (Surah Ibrahim 14:12)
At the beginning of revelation, Allah commanded His Messenger to put his trust in Him and told him that doing so opens the closed doors. Allah says:
اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَمُ
“Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous.” (Surah Al-‘Alaq 96:3)
Brethren in faith! Shaytaan has no power over the servants of Allah who put their trust in Him. Allah says:
إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ لَهُ سُلْطَانٌ عَلَى الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ
“Verily! He has no power over those who believe and put their trust only in their Lord (Allah).” (Surah An-Nahl 16:99)
Putting trust in Allah prevents His punishment. Allah says:
قُلْ أَرَأَيْتُمْ إِنْ أَهْلَكَنِيَ اللَّهُ وَمَنْ مَعِيَ أَوْ رَحِمَنَا فَمَنْ يُجِيرُ الْكَافِرِينَ مِنْ عَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ

قُلْ هُوَ الرَّحْمَـٰنُ آمَنَّا بِهِ وَعَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلْنَا ۖ فَسَتَعْلَمُونَ مَنْ هُوَ فِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ
“Say O Muhammad (SAW)) “Tell me! If Allah destroys me, and those with me, or He bestows His Mercy on us – who can save the disbelievers from a painful torment?” Say: “He is the Most Gracious (Allah), in Him we believe, and in Him we put our trust.” (Surah Al-Mulk 67:28-29)
Reliance on Allah also leads to Paradise. Allah says”
وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَنُبَوِّئَنَّهُمْ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ غُرَفًا تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ نِعْمَ أَجْرُ الْعَامِلِينَ

الَّذِينَ صَبَرُوا وَعَلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ
“And those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, to them We shall surely give lofty dwellings in Paradise, underneath which rivers flow, to live therein forever. Excellent is the reward for the workers. Those who are patient, and put their trust (only) in their Lord (Allah).” (Surah Al-‘Ankaboot 29:58-59)
Those who put their trust in Allah will also enter the Paradise of their Lord without reckoning. Rasulullah (SAW) said about them, “They are those people who do not treat themselves with Ruqya, nor do they believe in bad or good omen (from birds etc.) Nor do they get themselves branded (Cauterized). But they put their trust (only) in their Lord.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
Rasulullah (SAW) commanded Ibn ‘Abbas to put his trust in Allah while he was still a young boy. He told him, “O boy! Preserve the right of Allah; He will protect you. Preserve the right of Allah; you will find Him always in your direction. When you ask, ask from Allah and when you seek help seek it from Allah.”
Ibn Al-Qayyim said, “Reliance on Allah is the foundation of all degrees of Imaan (belief), Ihsaan (perfection in acts of worship) and all the acts of Islam. The place of reliance on Allah in Islam is like the place of the head in the body.”  Fellow Muslims! Reliance on Allah gives peace of mind and prevents the plots of evil people. It is one of the greatest means of averting harms and injustices. It also brings contentedness. Imaam Ahmad was asked of the meaning of reliance on Allah and he answered, “It is keeping a mind away from longing for what is in people’s hands.” Rasulullah (SAW) said, “Know that if the people are united to benefit you with something, they cannot benefit you except with something that Allah has already decreed for you. And if they are united to cause you any harm, they cannot cause you any harm except that which Allah has already decreed on you.” (At-Tirmidhi) Reliance on others besides Allah is humiliation and disgrace. Making requests to the creature means making requests to a poor and needy. Rasulullah (SAW) said, “Whoever wears any talisman is left in its care.” (At-Tirmidhi) Ibn Taimiyyah said, “No one pins his hopes on a creature or depends on him except that he is disappointed.” Whoever loves something not for the sake of Allah, it will eventually harm him. Events and experiences indicate this. Dear brother! Do not let your lack of reliance on men make you disrespect them. You should not allow that to prevent you from being kind to people and enduring their harm. You should rather be kind to them for the sake of Allah and not in order to get anything from them. Your lack of hoping for anything from them should not be a result of your being afraid of them.  Fellow Muslims! Sustenance is in the Hands of Allah. Whatever is yours will come to you regardless of your weakness. No efforts of yours will make you get what is destined for others. No endeavor of a covetous man can bring a provision of Allah to you nor can the aversion of an unwilling person prevent His sustenance. The provision of Allah has been apportioned for the righteous, the sinful, the believer and the disbeliever alike. Allah says:
وَمَا مِنْ دَابَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ إِلَّا عَلَى اللَّهِ رِزْقُهَا وَيَعْلَمُ مُسْتَقَرَّهَا وَمُسْتَوْدَعَهَا ۚ كُلٌّ فِي كِتَابٍ مُبِينٍ
“And no moving (living) creature is there on earth but its provision is due from Allah.”
(Surah Hood 11:6)

Sustenance is provided for the animals though many of them are weak and unable to look after themselves. Allah says:
وَكَأَيِّنْ مِنْ دَابَّةٍ لَا تَحْمِلُ رِزْقَهَا اللَّهُ يَرْزُقُهَا وَإِيَّاكُمْ ۚ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ
“And so many a moving (living) creature carries not its own provision! Allah provides for it and for you. And He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.” (Surah Al-‘Ankaboot 29:60)
Brethren in faith! Allah may make the way of attaining sustenance easy with and without any efforts from you. People are provided with sustenance though they make use of the means and have little reliance on Allah. Had they put their trust in Allah as it is due, He would have brought their provision for them with little efforts from their part, as He does for the birds who put as little efforts as mere going out in the morning and coming home in the evening. Rasulullah (SAW) said, “If you put your trust in Allah as it is due, He would provide for you as He provides for the birds who go out in the morning hungry and come back in the evening with filled stomachs.” (Ahmad)
Do not waste your life by worrying over the provisions that have been guaranteed for you, for your provision will certainly come to you as long as you are alive. Haatim Al-Asam said, “Since I know that my sustenance will not be eaten by other people, I have peace of mind.” Fellow Muslims! Allah has decreed appropriate time and suitable purposes for the provisions of the creatures. The indolent one may achieve what the diligent one failed to achieve. Relying on the means is a sign of insufficient belief in Allah while totally disregarding the means is a sign of stupidity and showing lack of respect for the injunctions of Allah. The Muslim must put his trust in Allah and not on the means. Our Prophet Muhammad (SAW) is the most perfect among those who put their trust in Allah. He compared between two war-shields to know which of them was better during the battle of Uhud, he hired a guide on his way to al-Medina during his migration and he dug a trench during the battle of the confederates in order to show that making use of the means should not be neglected. Dear brethren! The essence of reliance on Allah is to make use of the means, rely on Allah and have a belief that all things are in His Hands. The Muslim must also believe that if Allah wills, He prevents the effectiveness of the means and if He wills, He makes the means work in an opposite way. The believer in Islamic Monotheism does not rely on the means nor disregard it. He rather makes use of the means and then put his trust in Allah. When a Muslim is strong in his reliance on Allah, Allah will provide a way out for him from every difficulty. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) left his wife and his little son at a waterless and an uninhabited valley out of reliance on Allah and as a sign of carrying out His commandment. And Allah took care of them, made his young son a Prophet and described him as deliberate, patient, truthful and observer of the prayers. The blessed Zamzam water is a fruit of Prophet Ibrahim’s reliance on Allah. When the children of Israel were severely put to trial and Pharaoh followed them with his soldiers and besieged them, the Prophet Moosa (AS) was confident of the victory from Allah. He told his people, “My Lord is with me and He will surely guide me.” Allah then ordered him to strike the sea and it became a dried pathway for them on which they escaped from the enemies. When the whale swallowed Prophet Yunus (AS) in the darkness of the sea, he cried unto his Lord saying,
وَذَا النُّونِ إِذْ ذَهَبَ مُغَاضِبًا فَظَنَّ أَنْ لَنْ نَقْدِرَ عَلَيْهِ فَنَادَىٰ فِي الظُّلُمَاتِ أَنْ لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ سُبْحَانَكَ إِنِّي كُنْتُ مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ
“None has the right to be worshipped but You (O, Allah)) Glorified (and Exalted) are You (above all that (evil) they associate with You). Truly, I have been of the wrong-doers.”  (Surah Al-Anbiya 21:87)
Then Allah saved him. Prophet Moosa’s (AS) mother threw him unto the sea as an implementation of the commandment of Allah and as a sign of reliance on Him. Allah then rewarded her by making her son one of the Resolute Messengers. Prophet Ya’qub (AS) was told that a wolf his had eaten his son (Yusuf (AS)), but he put his trust in Allah and Allah returned Yusuf (AS) and his brother to him. When the situation became hard for Maryam and there was nothing that could save her but her sincere belief in Allah and her strong reliance on Him, she was taught to point to the baby (‘Eesaa) and tell her accusers, “Ask him.” When they retorted, “How can we talk to someone who is still a baby in his cradle”, Allah made the baby talk:
قَالَ إِنِّي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ آتَانِيَ الْكِتَابَ وَجَعَلَنِي نَبِيًّا
“He said: Surely I am a servant of Allah; He has given me the Book and made me a prophet
.” (Surah Maryam 19:30)
When our Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and his companion Abu Bakr (RA) were hiding in a scary cave, Abu Bakr (RA) became seriously terrified at the sight of their pursuers and said, “O Messenger of Allah! If one of them looks at his feet, he will see us.” The Prophet answered with a complete faith in his Lord, “O Abu Bakr! What do you think about two men who are covered with the protection of Allah?” Allah then sent down His help and supported His Messenger with an invincible army. The fear was then removed, the security was attained, the migration was completed and the message progressed. Dear brother! Whenever you are afflicted with calamities, do not turn to others besides Allah. Beseech Him alone, put your trust in Him and call upon Him. Seize the opportunity of the favoured hours of acceptance like during prostration and the last part of the night. If there is a strong reliance on Allah and the heart is devoted, the supplication will not be rejected. Submit all your affairs to Allah, for whoever seeks solace from Him is never disappointed. Relief and ease are accompanied with calamity and difficulty. Obey your Lord in times of ease He will save you in times of difficulty. Whoever is sincere in his reliance on Allah, he will attain what he wants. Whoever puts his trust in Allah, He will give him relief from his sorrows. Whoever put his trust in Allah; Allah will not abandon him to others. Allah says:
وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ ۚ وَمَنْ يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بَالِغُ أَمْرِهِ ۚ قَدْ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدْرًا
“And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him.” (Surah At-Talaaq 65:3)
Your reliance on Allah will be in accordance with the good opinion that you have of Him and the hope that you have in Him. Make your complaints to Allah alone. Al-Fudayl bin ‘Iyad said, “By Allah! If you lose hope in men and you no longer want anything from them, your Lord will certainly give you all that you need.” Allah is All-Capable, no seed moves except with His permission, nothing happens except with His will and no leaf falls except with His knowledge. Allah says:
وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى الْعَزِيزِ الرَّحِيمِ الَّذِي يَرَاكَ حِينَ تَقُومُ وَتَقَلُّبَكَ فِي السَّاجِدِينَ

“And put your trust in the All-Mighty, the Most Merciful, Who sees you when you stand up (alone at night for Tahajud prayers). And your movements among those who fall prostrate (to Allah in the five compulsory congregational prayers).”  (Surah Ash-Shu’ara 26:217-219)
Ibrahim Al-Khawaas said, “It is not proper for anybody, after knowing this verse, to take refuge with others besides Allah. Whoever takes refuge with others besides Allah or relies on his own knowledge, reason, medicine, amulets or strength, Allah will leave him to what he relies on and disgrace him by it.” Dear brethren! The best earning is putting one’s trust in Allah and having good opinion of Him. Rely more on what is in the Hands of Allah than what is in your hands. Whoever thinks that what is with Allah can be earned through disobeying Him as it is earned through obeying Him, or thinks that if he abandons something for the sake of Allah He will not provide him with a better substitute or feels that if he does something for His sake He will not give him better reward or feels that if He truthfully puts his trust in Him He will disappoint him and refuse to give him what he asks for, such has had a bad opinion of Allah. However, none can be free from all these, except the one who knows Allah, knows His Names and Attributes and understands His Wisdom. Ibn Al-Qayyim said, “Most men think negatively about Allah. They think that they deserve more that what Allah wills for them. Whoever thinks deeply about himself will realize this feeling in the depth of his heart. Let the wise and sincere one correct this feeling, return to Allaah in repentance and seek for Allah’s forgiveness.” Allah says:
وَاذْكُرِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ وَتَبَتَّلْ إِلَيْهِ تَبْتِيلًا

رَبُّ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ فَاتَّخِذْهُ وَكِيلًا
“And remember the Name of your Lord and devote yourself to Him with a complete devotion. (He Alone is) the Lord of the east and the west, none has the right to be worshipped but He. So take Him Alone as Disposer of your affairs.” (Surah Al-Muzammil 73:8-9)
Brothers in Islam! A Muslim cannot put his trust in Allah in the upright way until he believes in the true Islamic Monotheism. Whenever a man seeks others besides Allah, the reliance on Allah in his heart diminishes. Whoever resorts to a fellow human being for the removal of his poverty will be disappointed. Whoever wants to become the strongest of all people should put his trust in Allah and whoever wants to become the richest of all men should rely on what is with Allah more than on what he possesses. Man should put his trust in Allah before anything happens to him. He should be contented after the occurrence of afflictions. Dawud bin Sulaymaan said, “Three things indicate the piety of a believer: perfect reliance on Allah about things that were not attained, perfect satisfaction in things that have been attained, and perfect patience about things that were missed.” The more a man knows about his Lord, the stronger his reliance on Him and the weaker a man’s belief in his Lord the weaker his reliance on Him. The one who puts his trust in Allah should not be in haste to see the result of his deed, for Allah has apportioned time for everything. It is only Allah Who has the exclusive right to choose and control. Allah’s choice and plan for His servant is better for him than his plan for himself and He is kinder to His servant that the servant is to himself.

 

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2 comments on “Reliance on Allah

  1. New Reader-SLC says:

    Jazakomolla for sharing :) if you dont mind of asking where does the sheik lecture? your reliance on Allah can be noted in all you post .

    • muslimah says:

      As sala’amu alaikum
      It good to share something we can learn from, The aim of education is the knowledge not of fact, but of values.
      Sheikh ‘Abdul-Muhsin Al-Qasim is one of Imams of Masjid Al Nabawi in Medinah Munawwarah.
      Walaikum as salaam

      بنت محمد ،

      Bint Muhammed

      “O Allah, make my love for You the most beloved thing to me, and Your displeasure with me the most fearful thing to me, and instill in me a passion for meeting You & when you have given the people of the world the pleasures of their world, make the coolness of my eyes (pleasure) in worshipping You. Aameen Thuma Aameen”

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