Mistake In Knowledge And Guidance

Mistake In Knowledge And Guidance:

(Characteristics of the Salaf)
From the morals and manners of the Salaf was that they would have terrible fear that mistakes would enter into their knowledge, practice and in their directing the nation (Ummah) to what is good in the world and the Hereafter.  Do not think that any of them loved to be elevated in rank and any worldly matter.  They hated giving religious verdicts (Fataawa) because the one who gives the verdict (fatwa) has entered a station between Allah and His worshippers. Allah says:

 وَلَا تَقُولُوا لِمَا تَصِفُ أَلْسِنَتُكُمُ الْكَذِبَ هَـٰذَا حَلَالٌ وَهَـٰذَا حَرَامٌ لِتَفْتَرُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ الْكَذِبَ ۚ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَفْتَرُونَ عَلَى اللَّهِ الْكَذِبَ لَا يُفْلِحُونَ

“Do not say about that which your tongues put forth falsely. This is lawful (halal) and this is forbidden (haraam), so as to invent lies against Allah. Those who invent lies about Allah will never prosper” (Surah Nahl 16:116)

Abdul-Rahman ibn Abi Lailah (rahimahullah) said: “I have met 120 companions of the Messenger of Allah (SAW).   None of them spoke without wishing his brother’s speech be sufficient, and none of them gave a fatwa without wishing his brother would suffice him in it.” Fudayl ibn ‘Iyad said: “To send dinars (money) on a people is more beloved to me than to spend on them my speech, and therefore easier on my soul.” Some people requested that Sufyan ibn ‘Uyainah (rahimahullah) sat with them to give a lecture, but he refused them by saying: “I am not of the correct statue to relate to you knowledge or you to listen.  The likeness of you and I is like the saying: “Expose all your faults and them come to a mutual concealment!” Abu Muslim al-Khawlaani said: “Many people live amongst the people just with their knowledge, destroying their souls” (i.e., with vanity and egoism.) Abu Haazim used to say: “The scholars of our time have been content with speech and with no practice! The Salaf use to practice but not speak. After them the people practiced and spoke being followed by a people who spoke but did not practice. There will come a time when people will not speak nor practice.” Abdul-Raheem as-Sulami said: “We met people who learned the Qur’an ten verses (ayaats) being followed by another ten. They would not move to another ten without practicing the first ten.” Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak reported on the authority of Muhammad ibn Ziyad that he said, “I saw Abu Umamah speaking to a person who had been weeping and crying to Allah in prostration in the mosque saying: “You would have been as yourself had this been your house!” It was said to Ash-Sha`bi: “Deliver your verdict to us O Scholar (‘Aalim)!”  He replied to them: “Do not say scholar to the likes of me, but the ‘Aalim is the one who humbles his joints from the submissive fear (Khushoo’) of Allah.”  Sufyan ath-Thawree said: “Whoever’s knowledge makes him weep then he is a scholar (‘Aalim).  Allah the Most High said:

قُلْ آمِنُوا بِهِ أَوْ لَا تُؤْمِنُوا ۚ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِ إِذَا يُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ يَخِرُّونَ لِلْأَذْقَانِ سُجَّدًا

 “Verily those who were given knowledge before it, when it is recited to them they fall down on their faces in humble prostration.” (Surah Al-Isrâ 17:107)

Allah also says:

أُولَـٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنَ النَّبِيِّينَ مِنْ ذُرِّيَّةِ آدَمَ وَمِمَّنْ حَمَلْنَا مَعَ نُوحٍ وَمِنْ ذُرِّيَّةِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْرَائِيلَ وَمِمَّنْ هَدَيْنَا وَاجْتَبَيْنَا ۚ إِذَا تُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ خَرُّوا سُجَّدًا وَبُكِيًّا 

“When the verses (aayaat) of Ar Rahman (The Most Merciful) was recited to them they fall in prostration weeping” (Surah Maryam 19:58)

So let us reflect in our souls.  Have we been fulfilled the rights of our knowledge and actions as salaf used to???


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