Niqaab – An Act of Obedience Niqaab and why we should wear it.
All Praise are to Allah, we praise Him and seek His help and ask for His forgiveness, and we seek Refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him and whomever Allah lets astray none can guide him. I bear Witness that none is worthy of worship but Allah alone having no partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad (SAW) is his slave and Messenger. Scholars have differed on the Issue of Niqaab for quite sometime, however we know one of them is not correct. and the Prophet Muhammad (saw) said if you are not sure about something to stay away from it, so we know to stay away from something that might be a Sin or Disobedience to Allah, for if the Niqaab is not an Obligation we know its an act of Worship and the scholars that state its Recommended if not obligatory. Therefore we do not abstain from the Niqaab as in staying away we wear it.
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لِأَزْوَاجِكَ وَبَنَاتِكَ وَنِسَاءِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ يُدْنِينَ عَلَيْهِنَّ مِنْ جَلَابِيبِهِنَّ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ أَدْنَىٰ أَنْ يُعْرَفْنَ فَلَا يُؤْذَيْنَ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا
“O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e. screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”(Surah Ahzaab 33:59)
Mufasireen Have stated: “The Word Jilbab is a “Cloth that covers the entire body.” So, the entire body means from Head to toes including the Face. Ibn Abbas (RA) stated that the Entire body should be covered except One EYE for Seeing Purposes.
وَقُلْ لِلْمُؤْمِنَاتِ يَغْضُضْنَ مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِنَّ وَيَحْفَظْنَ فُرُوجَهُنَّ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا ۖ وَلْيَضْرِبْنَ بِخُمُرِهِنَّ عَلَىٰ جُيُوبِهِنَّ ۖ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا لِبُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ آبَائِهِنَّ أَوْ آبَاءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَائِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَاءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي أَخَوَاتِهِنَّ أَوْ نِسَائِهِنَّ أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُهُنَّ أَوِ التَّابِعِينَ غَيْرِ أُولِي الْإِرْبَةِ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ أَوِ الطِّفْلِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يَظْهَرُوا عَلَىٰ عَوْرَاتِ النِّسَاءِ ۖ وَلَا يَضْرِبْنَ بِأَرْجُلِهِنَّ لِيُعْلَمَ مَا يُخْفِينَ مِنْ زِينَتِهِنَّ ۚ وَتُوبُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ جَمِيعًا أَيُّهَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ
“And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts, etc.) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like palms of hands or one eye or both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer dress like veil, gloves, head-cover, apron, etc.), and to draw their veils all over Juyubihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms, etc.) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband’s fathers, their sons, their husband’s sons, their brothers or their brother’s sons, or their sister’s sons, or their (Muslim) women (i.e. their sisters in Islâm), or the (female) slaves whom their right hands possess, or old male servants who lack vigor, or small children who have no sense of the shame of sex. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And all of you beg Allâh to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful.” (Surah Noor 24:31)
When the above Ayah was revealed Safiya bint Shaiba (RA) “Aisha (RA) used to say: “When (the Verse): “They should draw their veils over their necks and bosoms,” was revealed, (the ladies) cut their waist sheets at the edges and covered their faces with the cut pieces. (Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 6, Book 60, Hadith 282) This clearly shows that the Niqaab was worn by other women besides the wives of Rasulullah (SAW), so the claim that ONLY the Rasulullah (SAW), wives wore the Niqaab, is false. In the Book of Ibn Taimiyyah “book of Fataawaa” Ibn Taimiyyah stated that Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood (RA) who is well known for his knowledge on matters of Shariah said: the word Jilbab (as mentioned Surah Ahzaab 33:59) means a cloak which covering the entire body Including the Hands and Face. Ibn Tayimiyah’s education was essentially that of the Hambalee Fiqh, Imam Hanbals understanding was that the full body should be covered, the hands face — and that only a small area for the eyes should be uncovered, He took the same opinion of Imaam Shafi’ and Imam Malik. Imaam Abu Hanifa differed on this yet he felt the Niqaab was Waajib if the Female face was looked at as beautiful. Subhânallah, Beauty is in the eye of the observer, many different people are attracted to different looks, who is to say one is beautiful or not? A Person may be attracted to light, dark, small, and big. For All believing women who fear Allah are beautiful (Allah knows best). So this means if someone made a comment of her face being beautiful or a feature on her face was beautiful then it becomes Waajib for her to cover her face. As Said By Imaam Al Qurtubi: “All women are in effect covered by the terms of the verse which embraces the Shari principle that the whole of a woman is ‘Awrah (to be concealed) her face, body and voice, as mentioned previously. It is not permissible to expose those parts except in the case of need, such as the giving of evidence…”(Al Jamia li Ahkaamul Quraan) Evidence is when you have to show your face in situations where you most prove something to someone, you show you face in a short time that they see it and then you are obliged to cover it back up after you show that person. In the Book “Fataawa al Imra’a”(Women Fataawa) this was put forth to Shaikh Uthaymeen: Question: What is the Islamic Hijab Response: The Islamic hijab is for the women to cover everything that is forbidden for her to expose. That is, she covers everything that she must cover. The first of those bodily parts that she must cover is her face. It is the source of temptation and the source of people desiring her. Therefore, the woman must cover her face in front of those men that are not mahram. As for those of who claim that the Islamic hijab is to cover the head, shoulders, back, feet, shin and forearms while allowing her to uncover her face and hands, this is a very amazing claim. This is because it is well known that the source of temptation and looking is the face. How can one say that the Shariah does not allow the exposure of the foot of the woman while it allows her to uncover her face? It is not possible that there could be in the Esteemed, Wise and Noble Shariah a contradiction. Yet everyone knows that the temptation from uncovering the face is much greater than the temptation that results from the uncovering of the feet. Everyone also knows that the most sought after aspect of the woman for men is the face. If you told a prospective groom that a woman’s face is ugly but her feet are beautiful, he would not propose to such a –mahram men. This obviously indicates that it is obligatory upon the woman to cover her face in front of such men. However, this is not the place to quote all those authorities. And Allah knows best. However, if you told him that her face was beautiful but her hands, palms, or shins were less than beautiful, he would still propose to her. From this one can conclude that the face is the first thing that must be covered. There are also evidences from the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of our Prophet (peace be upon him). There are also statements from the Companions, the leading Imams and the great scholars of Islam that indicate that it is obligatory for the woman to cover all of her body in the presence of non-mahrams. Shaikh Uthaymeen was one of the best Mashayyikh of our time, and we see why, May Allah give him a high place in Jannah – Ameen, The Shaikh made a valid point….
Allah said: …And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And all of you beg Allâh to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful (24:31)
Allah also says:
يَا نِسَاءَ النَّبِيِّ لَسْتُنَّ كَأَحَدٍ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ ۚ إِنِ اتَّقَيْتُنَّ فَلَا تَخْضَعْنَ بِالْقَوْلِ فَيَطْمَعَ الَّذِي فِي قَلْبِهِ مَرَضٌ وَقُلْنَ قَوْلًا مَعْرُوفًا
“O wives of the Prophet! You are not like any other women. If you keep your duty (to Allâh), then be not soft in speech, lest he in whose heart is a disease (of hypocrisy, or evil desire for adultery, etc.) should be moved with desire, but speak in an honorable manner.” (Surah Ahzaab 33:32)
Brothers and Sisters, if the softening of the voice and stomping of the feet is not allowed, then the face surely is more attractive then those 2 things (the voice and stomping of the feet). For the face of a woman, is very attractive her smile her skin this is what attracts a man to a woman not only the feet, yes the feet are a form of attraction, yet the face is far more beautiful then the feet and the voice. Foot steps are heard so many times a day they turn and look and turn away yet when a face of a woman is uncovered, they turn and look and then look again, this is what we are trying to avoid, we want to avoid those in whose hearts is a disease those who will be moved with desire… Dr. Muhammad Ismail (who takes the Opinion of the Niqaab Being Fard / Waajib), said in his book “Al Hijaab..Limatha?” The Hijaab..Why? It is reported that Mu’awiyah (RA) gave a sermon in Hums (Syria) and mentioned that Rasulullah (SAW) prohibited 7 things and that Rasulullah (SAW) named Tabarruj as one of them. Abdullah bin Mas’ood (RA) reported that Rasulullah (SAW)) “Used to dislike ten kinds of behavior and he (Abdullah) mentioned amongst them: “Tabarruj by means of displaying beautification in an improper place:” Imam As-Suyuti, may Allah’s mercy be upon him said: “Tabarruj by displaying beautification is showing off to strangers, and this is disliked. This is the explanation of “an improper place” (from the book “The Hijab…why? Pg.20) Tabarruj (display of woman’s charm) Is clearly disliked and prohibited by Rasulullah (SAW) In another Hadith that Rasulullah (SAW)) said: “There Shall be, in the later part of my nation, women who are dressed but (in fact) naked, on their heads are humps like those of the Bukht (a kind of camels), curse them for they are surely cursed.”(At-Tabarâni)
“Any woman who perfumes herself and passes by some people that they smell her scent, and then she is a Zaniyah (adulteress) said Rasulullah (SAW)
So ya Ukhwaati, if smelling the scent of a woman is adultery, verily Zina By the eye also applies… for the Rasulullah (SAW)said: “The Adultery of the eyes is the lustful look” Displaying of the woman’s face, the different skin tones shapes of nose’s, smiles and so forth makes it very hard not to look or lower your gaze but if you are starring at a piece of cloth, that cloth will look the same and the gaze will automatically be lowered.
On the authority of Abu `Abdullah an-Nu`man the son of Basher who said: I heard Rasulullah (SAW): “That which is lawful is plain and that which is unlawful is plain and between the two of them are doubtful matters about which not many people know. Thus he who avoids doubtful matters clears himself in regard to his religion and his honor, but he who falls into doubtful matters falls into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures around a sanctuary, all but grazing therein. Truly every king has a sanctuary, and truly Allah’s sanctuary is His prohibitions. Truly in the body there is a morsel of flesh, which, if it be whole, all the body is whole, and which, if it is diseased, all of it is diseased. Truly, it is the heart.” (Sahih Bukhari and Muslim) Above Hadith clearly states those who avoids doubtful matters clears him/herself in regard to his religion, but those who fall into doubtful matters falls into that which is unlawful. Covering the body the scholars agree upon, what they differ on is the face and hands. On the Day of Judgment wearing the Niqaab you will be blessed for that, For Allah loves Hayaa… “Hayaa is part of Imaan.” (Sahih Bukhari)
Rasulullah (SAW) said: “Each Religion has a morality and the morality of Islâm is Hayaa.”(Related by Imaam Malik in his Muwatta)
Those who wear Hijab (i.e. uncovering the face and showing the hands and feet) might be held accountable for there is doubt in this matter, are you willing to risk it? Think about it my Brothers and Sisters. In my observations I have seen sisters, wearing Hijab, and Niqaab for many wrong reasons…
1} Acceptance; they feel if they do not cover amongst sisters that do, they will not get accepted.
2} Forced; Forced by either the fathers brothers or even husbands.
3} Fame; Wearing Hijab / Niqaab, to gain fame or attention.
These reasons are wrong we cover for the sake of Pleasing Allah, when covering ourselves for the sake of pleasing Allah, the Hijab/Niqaab becomes an act of worship.
Allah the Most High, said: “Verily, we have sent down the Book to you (O Muhammad) in truth: So worship Allaah (Alone) by doing religious deeds sincerely for Allah’s sake only. Surely, the religion (i.e. the worship and the obedience) is for Allah Alone.”
Many Sisters’ Fear they will be looked at funny if they wear Niqaab or fear they will be treated unjustly, or treated as “Strange.” I ask them:”Do you Fear Man more then you Fear Allah?
Allah, the Most High, said:
وَمِنْ حَيْثُ خَرَجْتَ فَوَلِّ وَجْهَكَ شَطْرَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ ۚ وَحَيْثُ مَا كُنْتُمْ فَوَلُّوا وُجُوهَكُمْ شَطْرَهُ لِئَلَّا يَكُونَ لِلنَّاسِ عَلَيْكُمْ حُجَّةٌ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنْهُمْ فَلَا تَخْشَوْهُمْ وَاخْشَوْنِي وَلِأُتِمَّ نِعْمَتِي عَلَيْكُمْ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ
“So fear them not, but fear Me!”(Surah Baqarah 2:150)
Abdul-Wahid bin Abdullaah al-Muhaidib Said: “The people of Islam are strangers amongst mankind, then the people of Iman are strangers amongst the people of Islam, then the people of knowledge are strangers amongst the people of Iman then the people sticking to the Sunnah, those who take care to distinguish it from desires and innovations, are strangers, then those who call to it while being patient in face of the harms caused by those who turn away are the most strange.”
Brothers and Sisters, at the time of the Rasulullah (SAW), His Companions (RA) had more Ilm, Hayaa, understanding, ghee rah, then any Muslim of our time, the wives of Rasulullah (SAW)and his Companions wore the Niqaab covered fully, we are in a time of ignorance where societies in the East and the West are Corrupt and filled with Kufr, Shirk and Innovation, filled with men who we know will not lower their gaze, yet we make excuses not to wear Niqaab and make Excuses that Niqaab is not Fardh/Waajib, Clearly the Evidence has been put forth, and a Man/Woman will not be Condemned until he favors his/her Desires of his/her Religion.
Clearly the Niqaab is Waajib, Let say its not Waajib/fard (Which I take the opinion it is) One will be blessed with Hasanat for wearing Niqaab, But to those who are NOT SURE if they will be held accountable if they wear Hijab only (without the face, hands and feet covering). Once more the question arises, ARE YOU WILLING TO RISK IT? May Allah Shower us with Mercy and Keep us rightly Guided-Ameen.
If I am right, it is from Allah; if wrong, it is from me. I ask Allah Almighty to protect us from errors and from all that displeases him. I conclude my praising by “Al-Hamdu-lillaahi rabbil-alaameen” – Praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds.
“He who has no one has Allah”