Rewarding Nafl Salaah
1) Tahiyyatul Wudhu (Nafl prayer after doing Wudu):
Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates that once Rasulullah (SAW) asked Bilal (RA) at Fajr Salaat: “O Bilal! Tell me that deed of yours which is most hopeful (for reward) after embracing Islam, for I heard your footsteps in front of me in Paradise (in my dream).”
Bilal (RA) replied: I have not done anything extraordinary except that whenever I perform Wudu during the day or night, I Salaat (Tahiyyatul-Wudu) after that, as much as was written or granted for me.(Bukhari)
Abu Hurairah (RA) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said to Bilal (RA) “Tell me about the most hopeful act (i.e. one which you deem the most rewarding with Allah) you have done since your acceptance of Islam because I heard the sound of the steps of your shoes in front of me in paradise.” Bilal said : “I do not consider any act more hopeful than that whenever I make ablution (wudu) at any time of night or day, I offer salaah (prayer) for as long as was destined for me to offer.” ( Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
After completion of the wudhu of two Rakaat is full of blessings. It is related in the Hadith that performance of the two Rakaat’s of Tahiyyatul wudhu Namaaz makes paradise obligatory (Waajib) for the performer (ref:Muslim Shariif) There are also many other benefits. It should not be performed during the Improper (makruh) times. (When the sun rises, when it is at Zenith and when it sets.)
2) Prayer of Ishraaq (Sunrise prayer):
Rasulullah (SAW) has said: “Those who perform the Fajr prayer in congregation (Jama`ah), read the Zikr (remembrance of Allah) till the sun has completely arisen (length of a spear from the horizon, after 20 minutes of sunrise) and read 2 Rakaat Nafl prayer, will have the benedictions equal to those of Haj-Umrah. It is recommended to read the Surah Fatihah and Ayat-ul-Kursi till Khaalidoon, in the first Rakaat, and in the second Rakaat to read, after Surah Fatihah, Aamanar Rasul till the end of Suratul Baqarah. In the case that this verse cannot be read from memory, one can recite any other verse and then ask Duas. Woman should read all prayers of Farz and Nafl at home and will derive the same benefits that accrue from prayer performed at the Mosque (Tirmizi Shareef).
Rasulullah (SAW) is reported to have said that Whoever, after finishing Fajr salaat, kept sitting at the place of prayer, and prayed the Ishraaq salaat before getting up from there, provided he did not engage in any worldly act or conversation during that time, and instead, remained in Allah’s Zikr (remembrance), then all his sins are forgiven, even if they are as much as the foam of the ocean. (Abu Dawud) The scholars have written that during this time, the person should take care to sit facing the Qiblah.
Rasulullah (SAW) is reported to have said that Allah says: “O son of Aadam, perform 4 Rakaat’s of Salaat (Ishraaq) in the early part of the day. I shall help you in accomplishing all your responsibilities during the rest of the day.” (Mishkaat)
In another narration of Tirmidhi, Rasulullah (SAW) is reported to have said: “He who performs Fajr Salaat with Jamaat and remains seated in the same place while engaging in Dhikr until after sunrise and thereafter performs 2 Rakaat’s Nafl Salaat, (Ishraaq), he will obtain the Thawab of one Hajj and one Umrah.” (Tirmidhi)
From the above Ahadith, we learn that the number of Rakaat’s to be performed are 2 or 4 Rakaat’s, and the Mustahabb method of performing it is to remain seated in your place of Salaat after Fajr and engage in Dhikr, etc. until sunrise. Then, approximately, 10-15 minutes after sunrise perform 2-4 Rakaat’s. ‘If a person gets occupied in some worldly activity after the Fajr Salaat, and after sunrise he offers Ishraaq Salaat, this will also be permissible although the reward will be less.’
3) Dhuhaa Salaat (Breakfast prayer:
When the sun has risen high and there is heat in its rays, the performance of 2,4, 6,8 or 12 rakaat’s is called Namaaz-e-Chaast. This is full of countless rewards.
The Traditions says that the performance of 2 rakaat’s wipes away all ones sins. There are 360 joints in our body and to pay Sadaqah for each is Waajib (obligatory) The 2 rakaat’s is enough to pay all the Sadaqah. Performance of 4 rakaat’s places the performer’s name among the Abids and is the Sunnah of Saliheen and promise the performer protection until the evening. The performer of 6 rakaat’s is relieved of his day’s worries. (Tirmizi)
The Mustahabb (preferred) time of performing Salaat al-Dhuhaa is after 1/4 of the day has passed. This is deduced from a Hadith of Muslim. From many Ahadith, we understand that Salaat al-Dhuhaa should be performed after the sun has risen quiet high. Because the Fuqaha and Muhadditheen are of the opinion that the commencement of the time of Salaat al-Dhuhaa is the same as that of Ishraaq (i.e. immediately after sunrise), the Ulama have stated that “if due to lack of time, one performs the Salaat of Ishraaq and Dhuhaa together at one time, that too will be correct.”
Rasulullah (SAW) is reported to have said, ‘Whoever offers 2 Rakaat’s of Salaat al-Dhuhaa, all his sins will be forgiven even though they are as much as the foam of the sea.’ (Ibid)
It is reported that Aisha (RA) used to perform 8 Rakaat’s of Salaat al-Dhuhaa. She said that even if her parents arose from the grave, she would not leave Salaat al-Dhuhaa to go and meet them. (Ibid)
Salaat al-Dhuhaa consists of 2 – 12 Rakaat’s and it is preferable to perform 8 Rakaat’s.
Rasulullah (SAW) is reported to have said: “that whoever prayed twelve rakaat’s at the time of Chaast, then Allah will, as reward, prepare a palace of gold for him in Paradise.” (Mishkaat)
4: Virtues of the Four Rak’ahs Sunnah of Zuhr:
Rasulullah (SAW) is reported to have said: “that whoever performs the four rakaat’s before and after the Zuhr salaat with constancy, Allah makes the fire of Hell haraam (forbidden) for him.” (Mishkaat)
Rasulullah (SAW) is reported to have said: “ that after the worshipper prays the four rakaat’s of Zuhr salaat, the doors of heaven are opened, i.e. the salaat becomes accepted by Allah, and the cause of its acceptance comes down on the worshipper as rays of mercy.” (Mishkaat)
5) Virtues of the 4 Rak’ahs Sunnah of Asr:
Rasulullah (SAW) said: “May Allah have Mercy on the one who offers four (Rak’ahs) before ‘Asr prayer.” (Abu Dawud)
6) Salaatul Awwabeen (Nafl prayers of Maghrib)
After the Farz and Sunnats of Maghrib, performance of the minimum of 6 to a maximum of 20 rakaat’s is called Salaatul Awwabeen.
Awwabeen is the six Rakaat’s of Salaat after the Maghrib Salaat. It is established from the Hadith.
Rasulullah (SAW) mentioned: “Whoever performs 6 Rakaat’s after Maghrib Salaat will earn the reward of 12 years of Nafl Ibadah.” (Tirmidhi)
7) Prayer of Tahajud (Night prayer)
Rasulullah (SAW) has said: “In Paradise there is a castle reserved for those who read Tahajud” and Rasulullah (SAW) further adds, “those who pray at night will enter paradise without having to account for their acts in this life.”
The Nafls of Tahajud are read after the Esha prayer, but it is important to sleep before performing Tahajud. The prayer consists of a minimum of 2 Rakaat’s, and a maximum of 8 or 12 Rakaat’s (to be read according ones capacity).
After Esha prayers sleep for some time, then wake up any time during the night before the rise of morning for Tahajud prayers. With the performance of 2 Rakaat’s you have duly achieved your Tahajud. However, the performance of 8 Rakaat’s in Sunnah, and complying with the practice of the Holy Saints of Islam and performing 12 Rakaat’s is commendable. It is recommended that you recite in your prayers as much of the Sacred Quran as you know. If you happen to know by heart the whole of the Sacred Quran you may, in at least 3 nights or most 4 nights of Tahajud effectuate the complete reading of the Sacred Quran. Otherwise, you may recite 3 Surah Ikhlas (Qul Hu Allahu Ahad) after your “Alhamdu…” in every Rakaat and you will thus derive full benefits of the full recital of the Sacred Quran in every Rakaat. During the month of Ramadan one should awake a little earlier for Sehri and make time to pray Tahajud Salaah for the reward is magnified so much more in Ramadan and duas are even more readily accepted than at any other time of the year. The Dua’s at the time of Tahajud are very readily accepted by Almighty Allah and one should repent and ask of Allah and try to cry in their Dua’s at this time, if one cannot cry due to the hardness of ones heart due to sin then at least one should make the face as if one is crying. Just as a mother tends to her baby quickly and promptly when it cries the same way Allah attends to his servant quicker when they are crying.
8) Salaatul Tasbeeh:
Our beloved Rasulullah (SAW) had taught this Nafl prayer to his Uncle, Hazrat Abbas (RA) and told him: “He who performs this prayer will have his past and future sins forgiven.”
Rasulullah (SAW) has recommended to read this prayer daily on each Friday or once a month or once a year, in case of this not being possible, to read it even once in one’s life. This Nafl prayer provides limitless benefits both in the material and spiritual life.
Ikrimah reports from Ibn ‘Abbas that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said to ‘Abbas ibn ‘Abdal-Mutalib: “O ‘Abbas, O Uncle, shall I not give you, shall I not present to you, shall I not donate to you, shall I not tell you ten things which, if you do, Allah will forgive your first and last sins, past and present sins, intentional and unintentional sins, private and public sins? The ten actions are: pray four rakaat’s, reciting in every Rak’ahs al-Fatihah and a surah. And when you finish the Quraanic recitation of the first Rak’ahs, say, while standing, ‘Subhânallah, al-Hamdulillah, wa la ilaha illallah, wa Allahu Akbar (‘Glory be to Allah. All praise is due to Allah. There is no God except Allah. Allah is the greatest.) Fifteen times. Then make ruku’, and while you are in ruku’, say the same ten times; then stand, and say the same ten times. Then go down and make sajda, and while you’re in sajda, say the same ten times. Then sit after the sajda, and say the same ten times. Then make sajda, and say the same ten times. Then sit after the second sajda, and say the same another ten times. That is seventy-five [repetitions of the phrases] in each rak’ah. Do that in each of the four rakaat. If you can pray it once a day, do so. If you cannot, then once every Friday. If you cannot do that, then once a year. And if you cannot do that then once in your life.”
Ibn al Mubarak says: “The tasbeeh prayer is a greatly desired act and it is desirable that one should punctually observe it and never neglect it.
How to perform this Nafl:
After having pronounced one’s intention, say Allahu-Akbar, read “Subhanaka-Alla humma” completely (Sana), read now 15 times “Subhanallahi wal hamdu Lillaahi wala illaha Illallah Wallah-o-Akbar.” Then read A’oodhu billah and Bismillah (completely) and Surah Fatihah. Then recite 10 times the Tasbeeh mentioned above and go to Ruku. Here also recite 10 times the Tasbeeh before raising yourself to read another 10 times the same Tasbeeh, this time in a standing position. Then prostrate (Sajda) and read 10 times the Tasbeeh, sit now and read again 10 times this Tasbeeh (Jalsa) and prostrate again, Tasbeeh 10 times in the 2nd Rakaat begin by reading 15 times this Tasbeeh before reading “Bismillah” and Surah Fatihah. After that read 10 times the Tasbeeh and then proceed as in the first Rakaat. To end the second Rakaat, read as usual “Attahiyat”, “Durood” and “Duas”. Then read 2 other Rakaat’s. As in each Rakaat the Tasbeeh is recited 75 times, it means that in all 4 Rakaat the Tasbeeh is read 300 times. In the other 2 Rakaat, after “Subhana Rabbiyal-azeem”, read the Tasbeeh 75 times and in the Sajda (prostrations after Subhaan Rabbiyal-ala) read again 75 times the Tasbeeh.
Note: No fixed time has been prescribed for this prayer, a fact, which means that besides any time prohibited this prayer, can be read at any time.
9) Salaatul Hajat (When wanting help from Allah):
According to a traditional report, transmitted by Abu Hashim al-Ayyili on the authority of Anas ibn Malik (RA), Rasulullah (SAW) once said: “If someone has a seriously pressing need, requiring Allah’s help, he should perform the ritual ablution [wudu'] with proper care. He should then perform two cycles of ritual prayer. In the first cycle he should recite the Opening Surah of the Book (Surah Fatihah) and the Verse of the Throne (Ayat al-Kursi), and in the second cycle, the Opening Surah of the Book (Surah Fatihah) and “Amana ‘r-Rasul… (The Messenger believes…)” to the end of that passage. Then, having pronounced the testimony (tashahhud) and the salutation (tasleema), he should make his plea by offering this prayer of supplication (du’aa’), for his need will then be satisfied. The words of the prayer of supplication (du’aa’) are as follows: Allahumma : ya Mu’nisa kulli wahid : wa ya Sahiba kulli farid : wa ya Qariban ghaira ba’id: wa ya Shahidan ghaira gha’ib : wa ya Gha’iban ghaira maghlub :O Allah! O Intimate Friend of every lonely individual! O Companion of every solitary individual! O You who are Near, not distant! O You who are Present, not absent! O You who are Invisible, but not vanquished!
as’alu-ka bi’smi-ka bi’smi’llahi ‘r-Rahmani ‘r-Rahim: al-Hayyi ‘l-Qayyum: alladhi la ta’khudhu-hu sinatun wa la nawm:
I beseech you by invoking Your Name: In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the All-Compassionate, the Ever-Living, the Eternally Self-Sustaining the One whom neither slumber nor sleep can overtake.
wa as’alu-ka bi’smi-ka bi’smi’llahi ‘r-Rahmani ‘r-Rahim: al-Hayyi ‘l-Qayyum: alladhi ‘anat la-hu ‘l-wujuh: wa khasha’at la-hu ‘l-aswat: wa wajilat min-hu ‘l-qulub :
Again I beseech you by invoking Your Name: In the Name of Allah the All-Merciful, the All-Compassionate, the Ever-Living, the Eternally Self-Sustaining, the One before whom faces are humbled, voices subdued and hearts quake and tremble.
an yusalliya ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala ali Muhammad wa an taj’ala li min amri farajan wa makhrajan wa taqdiya hajati:
I beseech You to bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, and to grant me relief from my problem, and a way out of it, and to fulfil my need.
10) Salaatul Tawbah (Prayer for Repentance for sin):
If one has done committed any sinful act which is contrary to the Shariah then one should perform 2 rakaat’s of Nafl and humble themselves before Allah and sincerely repent, feel ashamed for their sins and ask Allah for forgiveness and make a firm intention never to commit such act again in the future. By the Grace of Allah the sins would then be forgiven.
Abu Bakr (RA) relates that Rasulullah (SAW) said: “that whenever one has done a sinful act he should make wudhu, perform 2 rakaat’s Nafl and thereafter sincerely repent and seek Almighty’s forgiveness. Allah pardons all sins.” After relating this, Rasulullah (SAW) then read the following from the Quran:
وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا فَعَلُوا فَاحِشَةً أَوْ ظَلَمُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ ذَكَرُوا اللَّهَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُوا لِذُنُوبِهِمْ وَمَنْ يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَلَمْ يُصِرُّوا عَلَى مَا فَعَلُوا وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ
“And those who have done something to be ashamed of or wronged their own souls. Earnestly bring Allah to mind and ask for forgiveness of their sins, and who can forgive sins except Allah” (Surah Imran 3-135)
11) Tahiyyatul Masjid (Nafl prayer when entering Masjid:
Abu Qatada (RA) narrated that Rasulullah (SAW) said : “If any one of you enters a mosque, he should pray two rakaat’s before sitting.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
This is a 2 Rak’ahs Nafl prayer which one should perform as one enters the Masjid. It is very rewarding.
12) Reward of Salaah multiplied 70 times or more by use of Miswaak:
Ayesha (RA) has reported that: “The prayer before which the Miswaak is used is seventy times more excellent than that before which it is not used.”
Ibn Abbas, ‘Ali and Ata (RA) state that, “But it increases to 99 or 400 times.”
Reward for every action is based on sincerity, the more sincerity we are the more reward we’ll get! It may be that we could get 70, 99 or even 400 times or more rewards for every action depending on how sincere we are in doing the action. Subhânallah!